The list includes Oldham's decaying town hall, the Defensible Barracks at Pembroke Dock in Wales, the crumbling Nocton Hall in Lincolnshire and the grade II* listed Waterloo Hotel and Grill in Smethwick, West Midlands.
For the third year running the list includes Moseley Road Baths in Birmingham, the country's only grade II* listed public pool in which it is still possible to swim.
Most of the buildings are listed but three have no such protection - St Ignatius of Antioch Church in Salford, a pair of chapels at Pudsey Cemetery near Leeds and Trimley station in Suffolk.
The former St Mark's Infant School in Battersea, south London, and St Edmund's Church in Rochdale complete the list. The top ten was drawn up after a national appeal.
Victorian Society director Ian Dungavell asserted: "People clearly feel strongly about beautiful, robust buildings being left to decay. Many of the structures in our top ten have been empty for more than a decade and are in a poor state."