The plan, which will be updated annually as the scheme progresses, aims to "go beyond green" by covering socio-economic issues such as skills, employment and healthy living.
London 2012 chairman Lord Coe pledged to "use the power of the games to drive change in the way that big events are staged in future".
Key features include a carbon footprint study to measure the games' impact on climate change and identify areas for reducing emissions. Other highlights include reusing materials during construction, promoting locally sourced and organic food and standards for accessibility and transport to the venue, with an emphasis on cycling and walking.
A spokesperson said venues will be built to level 4 of the sustainable homes code, with the aim of using design to slash carbon emissions by 50 per cent by 2013.
The organisers stress the event's employment legacy, with 1,715 people working on site so far. Around 20 per cent are from local areas and half are from London. Some ten per cent of workers were previously unemployed.
Commission for a Sustainable London 2012 chairman Shaun McCarthy, the plan's independent monitor, said: "It is a good road map but we must see concrete results."
Towards a One Planet Olympics is available at PlanningResource.co.uk/doc.