The outline application lodged with Aberdeenshire Council features a five-star hotel, clubhouse, golf practice facilities, 950 holiday homes and 36 golf lodges.
The scheme is planned for the 526ha Menie Estate, around 20km north of Aberdeen. Trump aims to create a championship golf course that will retain the area's natural environment.
Trump, who bought the site last March, aims to open the golf course and clubhouse in spring 2009 and complete the resort by 2012. But the plans have drawn concern from environmentalists because the site covers a site of special scientific interest.
The Royal Society for the Protection of Birds Scotland said it has some concerns with part of the development being on a protected wildlife site.
But it will work with the developer on the plans.
The Trump Organisation insisted that a thorough and detailed assessment will be carried out. An environmental assessment is due to be submitted in February.