Lancashire County Council’s development control committee last week approved the plans, being progressed by infrastructure developer Miller Turner, for a former industrial site in Preston.
According to Miller Turner, the proposals would generate up to 47 megawatts of energy a year from the burning of up to 395,000 tonnes of household, commercial and industrial waste.
According to a planning report, the main building would be up to 37.1 metres high, with two 85-metre high chimneys each with a diameter of three metres.
The proposals, which were accompanied by an environmental impact statement, also include a condenser building, an electricity substation, plus landscaping and car parking.
The council said the fact that two new similar facilities nearby - including an EFW plant at Darwen - have recently been given permission were not relevant to deciding the application.
The officer’s report said: "…National Planning Policy for Waste makes it clear that waste planning authorities should only consider the extent to which the capacity of existing operational facilities would satisfy any identified need.
"The fact there are other unimplemented planning permissions for such facilities should not mean that further permissions should not be granted on the basis of a lack of need."
According to planners, the development would not result in any significant cumulative landscape or visual effects, although there would be some "very localised landscape and visual effects".
Officers also concluded that although the development would add to traffic congestion at peak times, "it is considered that such impacts would not be severe and are therefore acceptable" in terms of local and national planning policies.
On air quality, the report said the applicant had "satisfactorily demonstrated that the proposed development would have no likely significant impacts on air quality subject the mitigation controls that would be built into the process and would be controlled through an environmental permit".
The report also said it was unlikely there would be any significant impact on any protected habitat sites or protected species.
The officer’s report concluded: "Overall, it is considered that subject to the recommended conditions, the proposed development would comply with relevant national planning policy and the development plan as a whole."
Last month, Planning reported that a legal hurdle standing in the path of a waste incineration plant in Bedfordshire had been removed by the Court of Appeal.