Appellants Ian and Kathleen Griffiths and Gladman Developments had appealed against Herefordshire Council’s failure to decide their outline application for the greenfield site at Dymock Road, Ledbury.
The development proposes building up to 420 homes with public open space, land for community facilities, landscaping and sustainable drainage system (SuDS) with all matters reserved save for access.
Inspector Zoe Raygen refused the appeal.
Her report said the council had confirmed it would have refused the application on grounds relating to the size, scale and location of the proposed housing, its accessibility, the safety of the access, the effect on the character and appearance of the area, and the lack of a section 106 agreement to secure affordable housing and financial contributions towards community infrastructure.
Raygen noted that the council could not demonstrate the National Planning Policy Framework's required five-year housing land supply and the scheme would "make a significant contribution to the housing shortfall".
However, she found that the appeal site "is not in an accessible location" and would not "offer social benefits by being situated in a location with good access to services and facilities".
Raygen added that the scheme would be "contrary to the environmental role of planning in moving to a low carbon economy" and gave "considerable weight" to this.
"All in all, I consider that the totality of the harm that would be a consequence of the adverse impacts I have identified would significantly and demonstrably outweigh the benefits," the inspector concluded.
Last month, Gladman withdrew an application for a 190-home development in Norfolk deemed by planners to be "premature" ahead of the adoption of the council's emerging local plan, despite the local authority being unable to demonstrate a five year housing land supply.