The plan was prepared jointly with South Cambridgeshire District Council to co-ordinate delivery of a number of large development sites on the edge of the city.
A planning inspector found that both plans were sound, subject to minor modifications, at the beginning of August, following an examination which took four and a half years.
The plan earmarks a site for 780 homes on land north of Cherry Hinton, with another 420 on a site falling in South Cambridgeshire.
In addition, it proposes a development of 430 homes at Wort’s Causeway, along with continued housing growth near Trumpington, at Cambridge East, Darwin Green and Eddington.
The document allocates an area around Cambridge North train station for employment-led development, as well as providing for an extension to the Peterhouse Technology Park on Fulbourn Road.
Cambridge’s vote follows South Cambridgeshire’s adoption of its local plan last month.
At the beginning of September council leader Aidan Van de Weyer, South Cambridgeshire District Council's deputy leader and lead cabinet member for strategic planning and transport, criticised the length of time the examination took, saying the lengthy process had allowed the "wrong type of development" to be approved.
South Cambridgeshire’s plan contains proposals for a number of large sites, including a new town of up to 9,000 homes north of Waterbeach and a new village at Bourn Airfield of around 3,500 homes, plans for which were submitted last month.