Henderson succeeds David Orr who announced in January that he would be stepping down this autumn from his role at the helm of the NHF, which represents England's housing associations. She will take up the new post in early October.
The NHF said that, in her ten years at the TCPA, Henderson has raised the body’s profile through "a range of campaigns and policy initiatives, most notably around garden cities, affordable housing, poverty and climate change. She has been involved in a number of government panels and independent commissions including the Lyons Housing Review and the Raynsford Review of Planning."
Diana Warwick, Baroness Warwick of Undercliffe, chair of the National Housing Federation, said: "Our challenge was to find someone who has the confidence and experience to engage at the highest levels in government, as well as the leadership credentials to win the trust of our diverse membership, inspire our team, and ensure the federation is commercially successful and sustainable, now and in the future.
"We feel we have selected in Kate someone who can do all these things and more. She has proven herself to be a bold and effective leader at the TCPA. She gave us particular confidence in terms of her ability to build trust and rapport with our broad range of stakeholders."
Henderson said: "With housing at the top of the political and public agenda I am thrilled to have the opportunity to work with ambitious housing associations across the country to continue the federation’s impressive track record of shaping housing policy and ensuring housing associations are seen as key partners in delivering it."