London mayor Sadiq Khan’s new draft plan will also contain policies aiming to increase the proportion of cycle parking around new shops and homes.
Housing developments in parts of London that are best connected by public transport will now be expected to be car-free, the mayor’s office says, with no parking provided other than for disabled people.
Under the plan, residential car parking will no longer be differentiated by unit size, meaning that the amount of parking allowed will not increase as house sizes increase.
Office developments in central and inner London - the areas best served by public transport - will no longer provide any commuter or visitor parking, other than for disabled people and for essential delivery and servicing purposes.
Parking standards will be "significantly tightened" in the plan, with less provision in many areas, "particularly in the most accessible parts of central and inner London and town centres".
The current London Plan says car-free developments should be "promoted" in areas with high public transport accessibility.
Existing standards allow for up to one space per unit even in the most central locations well served by public transport, although they also state that all developments in areas of good public transport accessibility in all parts of London "should aim for significantly less than one space per unit".
Under the new draft plan, the level of cycle parking required outside shops will be doubled in many parts of London, while cycle parking requirements for new office developments will increase significantly in areas of London where demand for cycle parking is high or where there is the most potential for cycling growth.
Khan said he wants to increase the proportion of trips in London made on foot, by cycle or using public transport to 80 per cent by 2041, compared to 64 per cent now.
"To secure the future health and prosperity of our city, we need to be bolder in encouraging people to reduce their reliance on cars," the mayor said.
"It’s essential for dealing with congestion as London’s population grows, and crucial for reducing our toxic air pollution emissions."
The mayor has also announced that the draft plan will set out detailed policy guidance on the provision of new free publicly accessible toilets in commercial developments.