The main provisions of the Bill are:
- Local plans
- Neighbourhood plans
- Housing supply
- Local Development Orders
- Affordable housing
- Land banking
- Duration of planning permission
- Development on greenfield, green belt and brownfield sites
- Definition of sustainable housing development
- Statements of Community Involvement
- Appeal costs
On local plans and neighbourhood plans, t he Secretary of State shall set out in regulations the grounds for an appeal against a plan. No appeal against a plan shall be allowed. Challenges against a plan in development may only be brought during the period the plan is made available by the relevant local authority for public inspection. A local authority may not consider any planning application made during the period of consultation on a plan that would conflict with the contents of the plan until it is adopted. No challenge may be brought against a plan for a period of 5 years following the date on which it is adopted.
In drawing up housing supply forecasts to determine housing needs in Local Plans a local authority must take into account a range of factors (a) historic trends; and (b) projected economic growth. A local authority may only consider new planning applications to build housing when there is no housing stock in its area. The Secretary of State shall make regulations on the method of calculating the five year housing land supply, including, but not limited to, existing planning permissions.
A local development order must set out the detailed evidence base which demonstrates the need for the proposed housing type.
On land banking, all work on an approved site must be completed before planning permission is granted for any further development on that site.
Planning permission may not be granted for any greenfield or green belt sites unless all brownfield land in the relevant local authority area that is suitable for development has been developed and all necessary steps shall be taken to encourage the use of brownfield sites.
Criteria are set out for the definition of sustainable housing development must include "local necessity". The Secretary of State must make regulations defining "local necessity.
The Secretary of State must commission a review of the role of the Planning Inspectorate in relation to hearing appeals and lay the report of the review before Parliament
Date: 17/12/2014 Date of publication
Author: UK Parliament
DCP link: This item updates DCP section 4.2