The motion, proposed by Liberal Democrat councilor Ann Reid, was passed at a meeting of the full City of York council at the end of last week, with lord mayor Ian Gillies casting the deciding vote.
The motion stated that the draft local plan "does not accurately reflect the evidence base and is therefore not based on objectively assessed requirements" and "is not the most appropriate strategy and has ignored reasonable alternatives".
It also said the plan is not deliverable over the plan period and is "contrary to the combined methodological approach of the Leeds City Region".
It concluded that the proposals would result in the plan "being found unsound by the planning inspector leaving the city vulnerable".
Reid also called for a new report on the number of houses required to be produced and brought to the next meeting of the Local Plan Working Group (LPWG).
The motion suggested that a new draft local plan based on the analysis be brought to the next LPWG meeting "for discussion and recommendation to cabinet in November".
A council spokesperson said no dates had yet been set for the next steps.
"We can confirm that following full council, planned consultation on the local plan has been halted. Officers will now work to present available options to members for approval. We cannot confirm timescales for this at this time."