The survey of 252 local planning authorities and applicants, carried out by consultancy GL Hearn and lobby group the British Property Federation (BPF), found that 55 per cent of applicants believe that CIL has decreased development.
But the survey found that the proportion of local authorities saying the same was lower, at 21 per cent.
BPF chief executive Liz Peace said: "It is clear that the CIL needs further reform, as it continues to cause both local authorities and developers consternation, and in some places further delays the delivery of important schemes."
The survey also found that England's major cities take almost six months to determine major applications, with average approval times of 25 weeks in London and the Greater Manchester and Greater Bristol areas.
According to the research, the average application in these cities takes almost double the government's target of 13 weeks for major schemes.
Seventy-one per cent of applicants surveyed were dissatisfied with the time taken to make these decisions.