According to the council, in larger shopping areas at least 55 per cent of buildings in the area would be required to retain a retail use, down to 50 per cent in smaller shopping areas, while no more than 10 per cent of units in any area should be takeaways.
The council said that the rules and limits would apply to all new planning applications in the 73 specified areas, but would not be retrospectively applied to existing businesses.
Peter Douglas Osborne, chair of Birmingham City Council’s planning committee, said: "The document will finally give us in Birmingham the powers to take a more pragmatic approach when it comes to considering applications for yet more takeaway establishments in areas already saturated with fast food outlets.
"Often closed during the day, yet at their busiest and nosiest at night when many neighbouring residents are winding down, an over supply of these establishments can have a really detrimental effect on any area."
A public consultation on the proposed supplementary planning document runs until 19 December, after which a final report will be prepared and presented to the council ahead of formal adoption.
The document was published as the Local Government Association urged the government to give councils greater powers to prevent the proliferation of betting shops.
The supplementary planning document is available here.