The list includes a boarded-up former orphanage in Liverpool designed by Alfred Waterhouse, a derelict school in Sheffield and a listed Edwardian office in London threatened with demolition by the High Speed 2 rail link.
The list was drawn from public nominations following a nationwide appeal to find the country's best and most threatened buildings. Of the ten buildings chosen seven are grade II* listed.
"Once historic buildings such as these are lost they cannot be replaced," said society director Dr Ian Dungavell. "Sadly these buildings are now seriously at risk due to poor planning, stalled developments or simply neglect."
The list features Hammerton School in Sheffield, Grimsby's former ice factory, the Wedgwood Institute in Stoke-on-Trent and Bradgate House Stables in Leicestershire.
Also included are a unitarian chapel in Manchester, Barry Old Fire Station in south Wales, Normansfield Hospital in Teddington and the former Moseley School of Art in Birmingham.